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Compact bushes of Moskvich tomato varieties are a real find for residents of regions with short summers.
Early ripe tomatoes can be harvested at the beginning of summer, they have a pleasant taste and a high content of nutrients. The variety is undemanding to care and easily tolerates the vagaries of the weather.
Tomato "Moskvich": description of the variety
|general description||Early maturing determinant high-yielding variety|
|Ripening period||90-95 days|
|The form||Rounded or flat-rounded, with slight ribbing at the peduncle|
|Average weight of tomatoes||60-80 grams|
|Variety yield||10-14 kg per square meter|
|Growing features||Standard agricultural technology|
|Disease resistance||Disease resistant|
Moskvich is a high-yielding early ripening variety. Determinate bush, compact, standard type, with moderate formation of green mass. Read about indeterminate varieties here. The leaves are corrugated, medium-sized, dark green. Fruits ripen in clusters of 4-6 pieces. The yield is high, from 1 sq. m plantings, you can collect 10-14 kg of selected tomatoes.
Among the main advantages of the variety:
- tasty, even and beautiful fruits;
- good productivity;
- versatility of the use of fruits;
- cold resistance;
- unpretentiousness to conditions of detention.
You can compare the yield of the variety with others in the table below:
|Moskvich||10-14 kg per square meter|
|Morozko||18-24 kg per square meter|
|Union 8||15-19 kg per square meter|
|Balcony miracle||2 kg per bush|
|Red dome||17 kg per square meter|
|Blagovest f1||16-17 kg per square meter|
|King of the early||12-15 kg per square meter|
|Nikola||8 kg per square meter|
|Ob domes||4-6 kg per bush|
|King of Beauty||5.5-7 kg per bush|
|Pink fleshy||5-6 kg per square meter|
The peculiarities of the variety include exactingness to the nutritional value of the soil.
Description of fruits:
- Medium sized tomatoes weighing 60 to 80 g.
- The shape is round or flat-round, with a slight ribbing at the stalk.
- In the phase of technical ripeness, the tomatoes are brown-green with a darker spot near the stalk.
- Ripe tomatoes take on a deep red color.
- The skin is firm, but not tough, the pulp is juicy, fleshy, with few seeds.
- The amount of dry matter in the juice reaches 6%, sugars - up to 3%.
- The taste of ripe fruits is rich, sweetish, not watery.
To compare the weight of fruits of the variety with other data in the table:
|Variety name||Fruit weight|
|Japanese Truffle black||120-200 grams|
|Octopus f1||150 grams|
|Pink fleshy||350 grams|
|Red dome||150-200 grams|
|Honey cream||60-70 grams|
|Siberian early maturing||60-110 grams|
|Domes of Russia||500 gram|
|Sugar cream||20-25 grams|
Tomatoes are delicious fresh, suitable for salads, hot dishes, soups, sauces, juices. Small fruits with a thin but dense skin can be salted, pickled, included in assorted vegetables.
We invite you to familiarize yourself with the photos of the Moskvich tomato variety:
The Moskvich tomato variety was bred by Russian breeders, zoned for the regions of Siberia, the Volga region, the North-West and Central regions. Growing outdoors or under plastic is recommended. The harvested fruits are well stored, transportation is possible. Picked green tomatoes ripen successfully at room temperature.
Moskvich tomatoes, like other early tomatoes, are more convenient to grow in seedlings. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in a growth promoter that provides excellent germination. The soil is made up of a mixture of garden soil with peat or humus. Seeds are sown with a depth of 1.5-2 cm, sprinkled with peat, sprayed with water. For successful germination, a temperature of 23 to 25 degrees is needed. After the emergence of shoots, it is reduced, and the containers with seedlings are placed in bright light.
Young tomatoes need a long daylight hours and moderate watering with warm, settled water. When the first true leaves unfold on the seedlings, it is dived, and then fed with liquid complex fertilizer. Plants intended for planting on open beds must be hardened by taking them out to the veranda or balcony for several hours.
Transplanting into the ground begins in the second half of May and early June. The soil should warm up; at first, young plants can be covered with a film. The bushes are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, with row spacing of at least 60 cm. It is not necessary to tie or form them; for better insolation, you can remove the lower leaves.
Tomatoes are watered abundantly, but not often, using only warm water. Every 2 weeks, the plants are fed with a complex fertilizer with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium.
It is very important to choose the right soil, both for planting seedlings and for mature plants in the greenhouse. An article about types of soil for tomatoes will help to understand this. You will also find on our website information on how to prepare the ground for tomatoes on your own.
- Organic, mineral, phosphoric, complex, ready-made fertilizers.
- TOP of the best.
- Yeast, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, ash, boric acid.
- Top dressing for seedlings, foliar and when picking.
Diseases and pests
Early ripe tomato varieties are usually resistant to disease, Moskvich is no exception. The plant is not susceptible to Fusarium, Verticillium, Alternaria and other typical diseases of Solanaceae in greenhouses. Before planting, it is recommended to disinfect the soil with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. You can use other methods of dealing with diseases.
You can prevent root or gray rot by frequent loosening of the soil, removing weeds. The soil can be mulched with peat. It is worth using non-toxic bio-preparations, for example, phytosporin, to prevent late blight. Read also about other ways to protect against late blight and varieties that are resistant to it.
Tomatoes can be threatened by insect pests: aphids, spider mites, thrips, Colorado beetles, slugs. There are many proven methods to combat them:
- How to get rid of a spider mite.
- What to do if aphids and thrips are in the garden.
- We are fighting the Colorado potato beetle and its larvae.
- Reliable ways to get rid of slugs.
Tomatoes of the Moskvich variety feel great outdoors, they are not susceptible to diseases and forgive small mistakes in agricultural technology. Delicious tomatoes will be the reward for your efforts; the first fruits can be picked in June.
We suggest you watch a video material on how to properly plant tomatoes for seedlings:
In the table below you will find links to tomato varieties ripening at different times:
|President 2||Persimmon||Major F1|
|Sanka||Pound rosemary||King penguin|
|Salting miracle||King of beauty||Emerald apple|