Garden

Ivy

Ivy



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Ivy


When we talk about Ivy in a general sense, we are led to think of villas with fences adorned with this decorative climbing plant, but the term is generic because it covers so many varieties of climbing herbs. What we see in the gardens and in our cities is the Hedera helix which is the most common in fact it is very widespread because it is highly decorative, easy to grow and resistant to all climatic agents. Ivy has thin stems that become woody after many years of growth and is a climbing plant with aerial roots and berries-like fruits, very welcome to birds but definitely poisonous for humans and pets. The leaves have a light green color which however varies and can take on colors with a very bright green shade, sometimes silvery depending on the years the plant has and its exposure to the sun. The plant can reach a height of 30 meters. There is not only the Ivy that we are used to seeing in the cities or along the highways which is still the most widespread but there are many varieties that can resist even in the apartment such as the Hedera nepalensis, the canariensis, the colchica and the chrysocarp.

Cultivation



If you want to beautify your garden with Ivy, plant the seedlings purchased directly in a nursery, under the fence and you will soon see that the plant will easily stick to the supports, creating an effective coverage for privacy and an effect. decidedly aesthetic ornamental, so much so that it is not uncommon for the climbing plant to be grown on the walls of the villas to give them a decorative and rustic appearance. Ivy does not need special care but needs, especially in summer, a well moist soil especially when temperatures rise above 18 degrees. This plant prefers exposure to the sun and in this case the leaves will be born of a very light green but even if in your garden there are areas of penumbra, do not make it a drama because the Hedera helix, adapts itself also to the darkest areas and in this case, the leaves will have a color that approaches the very dark green. If you want to keep your plant beautiful and lush, you must not only water it regularly in pots or on the ground, but you have to spray the leaves with a spray filled with water because the leaves must be sprayed especially when the temperatures reach a fairly high humidity threshold and it's very hot. If it is found in pots, every three years it is necessary to repot it in the spring season, changing the soil and replacing it with soil mixed with sand. Naturally, the pot must be larger because it tends to grow and therefore needs more space for its roots.

Fertilization and pruning



The ivy needs constant fertilization if we want to maintain its majestic beauty and this must occur biweekly, from spring until the following summer, while in Autumn and Spring, it does not need any fertilization. Fertilizers and fertilizers must have rich amounts of nitrogen, manganese, iron, copper and zinc. Fertilization must be carried out by putting the fertilizer in the water you use to irrigate the plant; in fact, there is no need to add more water to the soil, which must always be moist in the warm months but never stagnant. Since it has a very fast growth and is also used for decoration, its pruning should be done around March or April, it can easily be done when it is necessary to ensure that the plant does not grow with the untidy appearance so if you notice irregularities in its coat even in summer, you can proceed to eliminate the longer stems. If the plant is in pot and during the pruning operation, note that some leaves have crumpled or dried, move the plant to a more humid place because the ivy is warning you that the place where it is, is lacking in humidity then change its location, remove the dry leaves and spray the fresh leaves. To make the necessary ivy for its growth, place them near a container with water that will evaporate and give the plant the necessary moisture.

Ivy: Diseases and multiplication



We have seen that the Ivy is a very resistant plant however, the plant may incur in the invasion of annoying mites like the cochineal. Fight it with natural methods by spraying its leaves with water mixed with marseilles soap flakes placed in a dispensing sprayer. clean water to rinse. The disease of which Ivy could suffer, is the rot of the roots which can occur if the soil is not well drained and if the watering is too abundant then there is water stagnation. The plant could in fact have a root rot that is a very dangerous thing for Ivy that could even die, The multiplication takes place by cutting. The branches that have aerial roots must be placed in a container and it must be said that they really take root very quickly, therefore, the cutting is quite easy. When we go to plant the branches that have rooted, from time to time we will make a small pruning so the plant will grow lush.